Wash as needed. A good way to tell when it's time to clean your wig or hairpiece is simply by the odor. You can wash and condition when you feel your hair is looking dull and doesn't feel soft. Always use products formulated for synthetic wigs. They are gentle, and don't contain a lot of the harsh chemicals or additives included in regular hair care products.
- Fill your sink basin with cool water.
- Add a capful of synthetic wig shampoo and blend in. Never use regular shampoo on synthetic wigs! If the wig has picked up the odor of smoke or other strong odors, you may add a teaspoon of baking soda to your basin, and blend in. I prefer to put a hair net on curly pieces to lesson tangles.
- Gently swish the wig or piece in the water for about 30-60 seconds until saturated. Gently scrub the inside front of the wig cap, where it rests on the forehead until clean.
- Let the wig soak in the basin for about 5-15 minutes.
- Empty the basin of water and rinse the wig or piece in cool water.
- Follow the same 5 steps as above for conditioning or if using spray conditioner, go to step 7
- Gently squeeze out excess water. Do not rub or twist.
- Spread the wig out on a thirsty towel and blot. You can leave it on the towel in a ventilated area to dry overnight. You should spray on a little leave-on wig conditioner when you start the drying process.
- When the wig is entirely dry, and not before, re-style the wig gently. We recommend a pick and not a brush. Shaking and fluffing by hand is your best starting point for styling. We offer good quality wig shampoo and conditioner for our customers. Do not use regular shampoo. It is too strong even for human hair wigs.
- Follow the same first seven steps as above using lukewarm water instead of cool, and the manufacturer's prescribed shampoo and conditioner for your human hair wig.
- Wigs may be set in rollers if desired and placed under a dryer or left overnight to dry at your discretion. A hot curling iron may be used on human hair wigs only.
Setting and Restyling:
Synthetic Hair - - never use anything hot on synthetic hairNo blow driers, hot curling irons or straighteners! Excessive heat will melt or frizz the plastic in your fibers.
- Pin the wig or piece to a styrofoam head so you can work on it.
- Select rollers of the proper size to re-set your curls. Wire mesh or foam rollers work well.
- Wet the entire hairpiece with lukewarm water, and set the curls. Use perm papers, which you can get at a beauty supply house to protect the ends of the hair. Use plenty of rollers with a little hair in each for best curly results.
- Take the pinned up piece to the sink basin. If you have a spray nozzle at your basin it is best to "spray" the hottest tap water on each set curl for about 3-4 seconds. This process, relaxes the hair without damaging it like a curling iron.
- When you are done relaxing all the curls, immediately spray each curl, in approximately the same order as you "relaxed" them with icy cold tap water. You can also use a mist bottle, filled with some ice and water. This "freezes" the curl into a new semi-permanent curl pattern.
- Allow your hair to air dry overnight, and when dry, take down the rollers. Now, you've re-set your curls the most professional way possible.
- Don't want to hassle with it, we'll take care of resetting your hairpiece or wig. See services
Yes, a hot iron may be used on any human hair wig, just like your own hair. A better method, however, is to set the hair in rollers and use a hairdryer to set the curls.
Today's better quality synthetic wigs are virtually indistinguishable from human hair, except to the most practiced eye. Synthetic wigs are easier to care for and lower priced. The monofilament fiber (hair) used to make synthetic wigs has (memory) which means it maintains its wave or curl, texture and volume, requiring minimal upkeep. Synthetic wigs, however, are not designed to accept a permanent wave or color change and can be permanently damaged by the use of curling irons, blow dryers or hot rollers. The advantages of synthetic hair is that it's wash-and-wear or shake-and-go styling, and the weather won't ruin your lovely hair style.
A human hair wig is the most natural looking option. It can be cut, styled, permed or colored to suit your personal taste. Human hair wigs are more expensive than synthetic wigs and require more care. They have to be shampooed, dried, styled and conditioned, just like your natural hair. Like your hair, they can lose their style if they get wet or if they frizz on humid days. If you feel that you are not able to provide the care required of a human hair wig, there are human-hair/synthetic blended wigs that offer a natural look and will retain the style better than a 100% human hair wig.
There are four basic types of human hair used in wigs: Chinese, Indian, Indonesian and Caucasian (also called European hair). Most human hair wigs are made from Chinese or Indian hair. Caucasian/European is the strongest, most durable human hair for wig making. However, this type of hair is not as readily available and is the most expensive. Remy hair is kept in the same direction when making a wig or hairpiece as when cut from the donor's head. This additional attention to detail maintains the hair cuticle in the same direction for each hair, which, in turn, reduces tangling.
This handy guide will help you choose wig styles by considering your facial shape.
Which do you have?
Pull your hair back and stand in front of a mirror. Using an eyeliner, eyebrow pencil, or other erasable pencil, trace the outline of your face. Stand back and decide which of the seven basic shapes best matches your face shape.
The descriptions below should help you find styles/cuts that work with your face shape Why does this work? Hair style is all about drawing the eye to your good points. OVAL is deemed to be ideal. As a result, try to choose a wig style that creates an oval face shape in the mirror. Keep this in mind as you read through the face shapes.
People with an OVAL Face Shape have MANY wig CHOICES
As its name implies, the OVAL Shaped Face is longer than it is wide, with a jaw that's narrower than the cheekbones. Because the oval shaped face has no dominant areas and is so proportional, it looks good with just about any hairstyle, length or texture.
The ROUND Shape Face is characterized by a wide hairline and fullness below the cheekbones. The client may be heavier set and the neck may appear short. These faces look very good with a geometric or linear style, which breaks up the "round" appearance. ADD HEIGHT, when possible, and long, wispy side areas to make the cheeks look narrow. Comb hair close to the head on the side and at the neck.
The SQUARE Shape Face is characterized by a wide hairline and jaw. Square shaped faces need height or waves on top and narrowness at the sides, to break up the "squareness". Comb the hair off the forehead to add height to the face. CURLY or WAVY texture and wisps of hair around the face break the wide, straight lines common to the square face.
REDUCE WIDTH at THE SIDES with the DIAMOND Shaped Face
The DIAMOND Shaped Face is characterized by a narrow chin and forehead with wide cheekbones. Diamond shaped faces need narrowness at the sides and fullness at the chin. Bobs work very well for this shape. Avoid wearing height on top or volume on the sides. Use some fringe or bang to de-emphasize a narrow forehead.
ADD VOLUME at THE CHIN with the HEART Shaped Face
The HEART Shaped Face is characterized by a wide forehead and a narrower chin. Bring some hair onto the forehead to minimize its width. Keep hair close to the head at the eyes but make it slightly full around the jaw, and below and in front of the earlobes.
ADD VOLUME ABOVE the JAW LINE with the PEAR Shaped Face
The PEAR Shaped Face is characterized by a small or narrow forehead and a rather large pouchy-appearing jawline. Comb hair to add width from the eye level through the crown of the head. Set and comb hair close to the head on the sides and at the nape.
ADD SOFTNESS to the OBLONG Shaped Face
The OBLONG Shape Face is characterized by a very long and narrow bone structure. The client who has an oblong facial shape often has a long, thin neck. Use a fringe or half-bang across the forehead by creating soft waves or curls in the crown and nape areas. This helps to create the illusion of an oval.
The cap is the base or skeleton that gives the wig its shape and a base on which to attach hair. Wigs are available with several different types of caps, and the hair is then attached to the cap using various techniques. Each cap type has its own distinct advantages. On most wigs, hair is attached in "wefts." These are strings of hair doubled over and sewn closely together in long strands. This string is then machine sewn, hand sewn, or hand tied horizontally onto the vertical lines of a wig cap.
What you will notice is how they look and move on the outside and how they feel on the inside. (see chart below)
Adjustable Cap - A wig cap construction with adjustable tabs that extend from the crown to the nape of the wig cap. Average wig cap can either be adjusted to a smaller or larger cap size.
Monofilament - Breathable, flesh-tone material used in the fabric/construction of the wig cap. It "disappears" against the scalp, allowing natural skin tone to appear through. The hair is individually hand-tied at the crown so the hair can be parted and brushed in any direction. The entire wig may be hand tied, or the wig may have a monofilament crown with wefted sides and back.
|Lace Front - A wig made with delicate lace that frames the face or front hairline. Tiny, fine hair is hand-tied around the lace for an up-close realistic appearance. When the wind blows, it looks as though the hair is growing out of your scalp.|
Fashion wigs (also known as conventional, traditional, capless or machine made wigs) are the most durable, stylish and affordable. Each type and designer offers its own design options. Most fashion wigs have a pre-tease at the root which is what gives it the beautiful lift and fullness, and some have a "skin" top with a permanent part.
|The pure stretch cap will stretch through the entire perimeter, while the conventional cap stretches partially on the side band only. All materials used are made of the thinnest and most resilient fabrics currently available to make "The pure stretch cap" the most comfortable wig cap ever constructed. This new technology will stretch fully with any indoor or outdoor activity. The wearer will barely notice she is wearing a wig.|
|A capless wig is very similar to the standard cap design. However, it does not have the closed lace layer at the crown. It is open-wefted in the back, sides, and crown. This allows for maximum ventilation. It is also the lightest weight cap you can purchase. Capless wigs are open wefted on top, sides, and back. Machine-sewn open construction makes it breathable and allows air circulate while wearing the wig. Capless wigs feature slight pre-teasing which gives style, volume and lift on the top. Capless open construction means fewer materials are used, keeping it lightweight cool and comfortable.|
A standard cap is the most common and most affordable cap design. The layers of hair are open-wefted in the back and sides to allow for ventilation and have a closed lace layer at the crown. The hair at the crown is often lightly teased or crimped so you can not see down through the cap. This type of cap often gives the hair a natural lift at the crown for volume.
Traditional wig cap construction is exceptionally durable and has a slight pre-teasing at the root which is what gives it the beautiful lift and fullness. Traditional caps can be identified by the closed flower lace top and open wefts sewn in rows by a machine to allow air to circulate through the wig. Traditional caps weigh an ounce or two more, but they exceed all caps when it comes to durability and fullness through the crown area.
Skin Part - Is parted all the way to the base of the cap, and its white hue resembles the natural look of the scalp. Skin Top is basically a wefted cap with an insert of scalp-colored plastic sewn in at the crown. Individual hairs are inserted into this material to give the appearance of hair growing out of a natural scalp and a permanent part. A skin part cannot be changed or styled in another direction.
Benefits of capless wigs
Wigs from back in the day were made with closed lace which created a solid base. Consequently, air would not circulate properly and made these wigs extremely hot to wear. However, since there’s no “cap” in a capless wig, the open-wefts allow air to go in and out making it super cool to wear. The lack of a solid base is also a huge pro because it makes the wig feel light and airy; some capless wigs weigh just a few ounces.
The spacing between the wefts also helps the hair density look more realistic and not overly full or thick. This gives the wig full coverage while avoiding the “wiggy” look. Plus,made from synthetic hair tend to be among the most affordable types of wigs available and they are ready-to-wear – No fuss no muss!
HEAD SIZES FOR WIGS
Almost all women can wear average size wigs. That means your head size when measured is between 21" and 22½, you can wear average size wigs. Everyone has variations of high, low or even flat spots on their skull. Janise, The Hair Lady, can alter the wig cap to provide you a secure, close fit. If you are not sure that you have an average size head by looking, measure your head with a tape measure going around the forehead at the hairline, under the hair, behind the ears and around the nape of the neck. If this is too difficult to do by yourself, have someone help you. Janise can custom fit just about any size wig to fit you comfortably. See services
Ultra-Petite or Child's - Fits very small head sizes - 19.5" - 18"
Petite Fits most petite head sizes - 21" - 20"
Petite-Average Fits a small average or a full petite - 20.5" - 21.5"
Average Fits Most Women - 92% off all wigs are sold as average - 21.5"- 22.5"
Large-Average Fits average and a tad larger than average - 22" - 23"
Large Fits larger head sizes - 22.5" - 24"
This may have been true decades ago when wig caps were completely closed and not well ventilated. With today's wig technology, wigs are lighter, cooler and more comfortable than ever.
Hot natured or dealing with hot flashes? Don't sweat it, try a Headline It
Headline it wigliners are perfect for women who excercise. The unique combination of micro-fiber materials are engineered to keep you dry, cool and comfortable. The patented wicking system literally sucks perspiration away from the skin and scalp.
No, when your wig has been fitted to your head properly it should be pretty secure.
No one wants their wig to fly off. This is a common fear shared by many women. A wigs that fits properly stays put.
For extra security, try the Comfy Grip. A cushioned gel band that will make your wig fit more comfortably and securely. It tips the wig back in towards your hairline for a natural fit. Made of a hypo-allergenic, cooling polymer, it hugs the head without feeling sticky. In addition, it cushions the pressure points on your head, and distributes the weight of the wig evenly to give you a comfier fit. The Comfy Grip allows air to circulate under your wig keeping you cooler. Perfect for hot or sensitive scalps
If you want to extend the life of your wig and keep it looking beautiful the proper care products are essential. Synthetic wigs require care products specifically formulated for synthetic hair. For human hair wigs, choose sulfate-free care products or products specifically formulated for color treated hair to keep the color looking vibrant, longer.
PREP & STYLE
Put on the wig and pull the hair into a ponytail. Clip any shorter layers if necessary. Check that the ear tabs are level and that the lace front is centered. Use your Jon Renau Duo Tracing Pencil to mark where you want to cut the hairline on the Swiss lace front. If any areas of the polyurethane need altering, also mark them at this time.
THE POLYURETHANE AND LACE FRONT ARE THE ONLY AREAS OF THE CAP TO BE CUT.
3. Remove the wig and turn it inside out. Use your Jon Renau Pinking Shears to cut the Swiss lace front along the line you marked earlier. Be sure to line up the blades as you trim to ensure an even pattern.
4. If needed, use regular scissors (sharp, short bladed scissors are best) to cut carefully along the markings on the polyurethane. Make sure to pull the hair away as you cut the polyurethane.
5. Use a damp cotton swab to gently remove any markings left from your Jon Renau Duo Tracing Pencil.
6. Place your wig onto your head to check the alterations. Be sure the lace front matches your natural hairline. If you need to make a second adjustment, repeat Steps 2-5.
7. Remove the wig from your head; be sure your skin and the cap interior are clean and free of oils or makeup. Adhesive strips can be cut to a desired shape and size using small scissors. Apply red adhesive strips to the polyurethane and blue adhesive strips to the lace front.
8. Remove adhesive strip backings and gently put the wig on your head. Check to make sure the wig is in the correct position before applying pressure to the adhesive strips. When the wig is centered and in the correct position, gently press on each strip from the outside of the wig and hold for 10 seconds. Finish any minor styling if needed.
9. To remove your wig, pull the hair back into ponytail or clip it back from the hairline. Lightly mist 2-3 pumps of Lace Let Go onto a cotton swab. Rub the cotton swab under the cap at the temples where adhesive strips are applied and gently lift. Release both sides before releasing adhesive on the lace front.
10. Once the adhesive strips have been released at the temples, gently slide the cotton swab underneath the lace front, starting at the outer corners. BE CAREFUL NOT TO PULL OR STRETCH THE LACE. Continue gently rubbing the cotton swab underneath the adhesive strip until it completely releases. Remove the wig from your head.
11. Peel adhesive strips from the cap interior and discard. Mist 2-3 pumps of Lace Let Go onto a small area of a paper towel to clean off any excess adhesive on the cap interior. Gently wipe off excess Lace Let Go before storing the wig.
12. We recommend washing and completely drying your wig every 6-8 wears, and always before long-term storage.
1. Jon Renau recommends using new adhesive for every wear.
2. Use small pieces of adhesive strips for an easier removal process.
3. Take care to not pull or stretch the Swiss lace front. It is very delicate.
4. Before using any new products (Lace Let Go, Blue or Red Adhesive, etc.) on your scalp, perform a patch test by applying a small amount of the product to skin on your inner forearm. If you notice a reaction to the patch test, you may have an allergy or sensitivity to ingredients or materials in the new products.
WE RECOMMEND WASHING YOUR HUMAN HAIR WIG EVERY 6-8 WEARS
JON RENAU DOES NOT RECOMMEND THAT YOU COLOR OR PERM WIGS
1. Before washing your human hair wig, gently remove any tangles with your Jon Renau | easihair paddle brush or Jon Renau | easihair wide tooth comb
2. Fill sink with cool water and submerge wig. Emulsify a capful of Jon Renau | easihair Argan Smooth Luxury Shampoo into the hair
3. Gently lather the hair with shampoo while making sure that the hair is traveling in the same direction. DO NOT rub hair as this may cause tangling
4. Rinse thoroughly in cool water until the water runs clear
5. Apply Jon Renau | easihair Argan Smooth Luxury Conditioner, avoiding the base cap of the wig (applying conditioner to the base of the cap may weaken the knots)
6. With your fingers, work conditioner through the ends of the hair for about 3-5 minutes
7. Rinse thoroughly in cold water until the water runs clear
1. Wrap wig in a towel and gently pat to remove excess water
2. DO NOT use a brush to detangle your human hair wig while it is wet, gently use your Jon Renau | easihair wide tooth comb
3. Use Jon Renau | easihair Argan Smooth Treatment Mist to speed drying time and smooth hair without weighing it down. Spray 3-5 pumps on to clean, towel-dried hair, focusing on the bottom half of wig
4. We recommend using a blow dryer (medium to medium-high heat) to style your human hair wig
5. Using a boar-bristle/nylon round brush, work through hair in 2î sections starting at the nape. Work in a downward motion to ensure the hair stays smooth. Blow hair dry completely, directing the hair in the shape you want to style it
1. It is recommended to use professional grade heat styling tools with digital temperature settings to control heat
2. Your styling tools should be set no higher than 350* F to help maintain the integrity of the hair
3. Spray Jon Renau | easihair Heat Treat Thermal Spray on to each section as you heat style to protect hair. Work in small sections (1-2 inch) starting at the nape
4. Jon Renau | easihair Versatile 3-Way Hair Spray works great to help hold your finished style. Adjust the nozzle to "L" for low, "M" for medium hold, or "H" for high hold, depending on your needs
5. When curling your human hair, you can use small metal clips to hold each curl while cooling for a tighter, longer-lasting curl. For a looser, more natural looking curl, allow curls to hang while cooling
TIP :: DEEP CONDITIONING
1. In your hand, blend together about 1 Tbsp of Jon Renau | easihair Argan Smooth Luxury Conditioner with 3-5 sprays of Jon Renau | easihair Argan Smooth Treatment Mist
2. Apply to bottom half of hair, using your Jon Renau | easihair wide tooth comb to distribute throughout ends, keeping away from the base
3. Cover the wig with a plastic shower cap and leave in for a minimum of 20 minutes. (Can be left on overnight for a more intense treatment)
4. Rinse wig thoroughly in cool water until water runs clear
Helpful Insurance Information
If a person requires a wig while or after receiving therapy for Alopecia or cancer, they could be eligible to receive reimbursement from their health insurance plan.
Most insurance companies cover from 80% to 100% of your wig expenses (cranial hair prosthesis).
When you file an insurance claim for a WIG!. Always call it a "CRANIAL HAIR PROSTHESIS". Some insurance companies reject claims for "wigs". The more received term is cranial hair prosthesis that accompanies medical therapy.
Your doctor should give you a prescription for a "cranial hair prosthesis", save this and send a copy along with your wig receipt and your claim form to your insurance company.
Notify us about your medical need for alternative hair and we will bill you for a "cranial hair prosthesis" .
Your emotional well-being is an important part of your medical recovery process. If you encounter resistance from your insurance company, a letter from your doctor, spelling out that he "prescribed" the prosthesis, not for cosmetic reasons, but as part of your recovery program, should suffice.
The American Cancer Society has a wig voucher program: it provides $75 towards the purchase of a new wig to qualifing individuals. Janise Crow, The Hair Lady does accept these vouchers. To see if you qualify contact The American Cancer Society at 800-417-9391.
The Hair Lady, Katherine Fagan
Hours: M - F by appointment only
Copyright © 2018 The Hair Lady, Katherine Fagan